The Sami people are a native population in the far north Europe. They live in Norway, Sweden, Russia (Kola Peninsula) and Finland. They moved in Scandinavia around 12-8000y ago late Paleolithic early Mesolithic.
The interesting part is they still incorporate in their rich culture fragments of their past. Although they have gone through forced christianization, discrimination and forced integration they managed to survive. Sadly modernization and modern corporations are threatening their way of life with deforestation that ruin their natural habitat.
They have elements of matriarchy in their social structure as the famous Sami writer wrote [cit] “In the traditional Saami society, the way of grandmothers dominate. In the reeindeer economy it is very clear that an elderly woman holds the household together and decides what should be done. She decides particularly the marriages and clothing.” N-A Valkeapää, Saami writer and singer
In their traditional ancient religion the principal gods in their ancient pantheon are all females even the sun.
- Maderakka, the first Akka, was mother of the tribe, goddess of women and children, she who gives humans their bodies; women belong to her and boys belong to her until they were declared men. Maderakka is popular among modern Sámi feminists.
- Maderakka’s three daughters:
- Sarakka was the goddess of fertility, menstruation, love, sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth and the most important goddess.
- Juksakka “Akka with an Arrow” – the protector of children
- Uksakka – she shapes the fetus in the mother’s womb and assigns humans their sex.
- Raedieahkka – Wife of Radien-attja.
- Jabme-Akka, “the akka of the dead,” is a goddess of the underworld. Spirits of lost babies are soothed and comforted by her, but all other spirits dwell in sorrow. The land of the dead is said to be a mirror of the land of the living where everything is the opposite. So, the dead are buried with the essentials of living (e.g. knives) and anything that would make their afterlife better.
- Beaivi – goddess of the Sun, mother of humankind. […]
Akka is a female spirit in Sami shamanism and Finnish mythology. Worship of the akka was common and took the form of sacrifices, pleas for help and various rituals. Some Sámi believed the akka lived under their tents. As with other gods, the name appears within some geographical names, leaving a legacy of Sami presence.
Between their ancient tradition still present the most notable is the Joik.
The Joik, one of the oldest song traditions in Europe, is alive and well. A joik is dedicated to a person, an animal or a place, and the harmonies reproduce the qualities of the object of the song. If you would like to chat someone up, try “joiking” him/her – it has quite an effect! Since ancient times, Joiking was especially practiced by the Noiads, Sami shamans, intermediator with the underworld and the gods.
Joik dedicated to the sun Goddess.
Joiks are amazing look for more on Youtube or buy them.
Few pics on the Sami people.
A gracious Sami song, Lahppon by Sara Inga and Ante Utsi.
pics Google. Source Wikipedia